In appointment procedures, there are in particular two phenomena which can influence the decision about candidates in a gender-relevant way: gender bias and homosocial co-optation. Against this background, actors in appointment procedures also have the responsibility to check their personal decision-making behavior and that of the appointment committee to see whether the candidates have been assessed in a gender-sensitive way and whether the best have been found for the appointment list.
In the general use of English language, a bias is regarded as a distorted perception, a prejudice. Gender bias thus describes distortions in perception or biases against women or men on the basis of their gender. In appointment procedures, gender bias can have a positive or negative impact on the evaluation or review of performance. Effective role models and stereotypes, in combination with gender, usually have a subconscious effect on a judgment. Studies on the topic of performance evaluation and gender have shown, for example, that in an experimental set-up representations of female figures were perceived to be smaller than representations of male figures, although all figures in identical surroundings were of the same size. Another study showed that identical curriculum vitae (CV) or resumes were evaluated differently by test subjects depending on whether they were submitted under a male or female name. Significantly more subjects of both genders rated the performance of the men as better and developed the tendency to rather hire the man than the woman, despite identical resumes. (Landeskonferenz der Gleichstellungsbeauftragten, LaKoG, 2011:18ff)
Another mechanism that has a gender-specific effect is so-called homosocial co-optation. Homosocial co-optation refers to the tendency to include primarily those members in an existing network who are considered to be "socially similar." Social similarity can be given or sought in many ways. In addition to characteristics such as social milieu, ethnicity or even scientific community, gender is a relevant criterion. The fact that personnel decisions are influenced by social similarities does not presuppose a strategic decision to specifically exclude women. Rather, the structural dominance of men in organizations combined with the (often subconscious) practice of homosocial co-optation, which is neither limited to organizations nor to men but follows a general pattern of social proximity, leads to the persistence of a male-dominated structure. (Wissenschaftsrat 2007:23ff)
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Location & approach
The campus of TU Dortmund University is located close to interstate junction Dortmund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dortmund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is “Dortmund-Eichlinghofen” (closer to South Campus), and from B 1 / A 40 “Dortmund-Dorstfeld” (closer to North Campus). Signs for the university are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dortmund.
To get from North Campus to South Campus by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at North Campus and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.
TU Dortmund University has its own train station (“Dortmund Universität”). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dortmund main station (“Dortmund Hauptbahnhof”) and Düsseldorf main station via the “Düsseldorf Airport Train Station” (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 15 or 30 minutes). The university is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.
You can also take the bus or subway train from Dortmund city to the university: From Dortmund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station “Stadtgarten”, usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At “Stadtgarten” you switch trains and get on line U42 towards “Hombruch”. Look out for the Station “An der Palmweide”. From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dortmund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dortmund main station to the stop “Dortmund Kampstraße”. From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop “Dortmund Wittener Straße”. Switch to bus line 447 and get off at “Dortmund Universität S”.
The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dortmund University. There are two stations on North Campus. One (“Dortmund Universität S”) is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the university directly with the city of Dortmund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the “Technologiepark” and (via South Campus) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at North Campus and offers a direct connection to South Campus every five minutes.
The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dortmund Airport (DTM) to Dortmund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dortmund Central Station, you can continue to the university campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of international flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the university station.
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